Serbia has been home to many internationally acclaimed movies and directors, and is considered to be the most successful Balkan nation in movie accomplishments.
The cinema was established early in Serbia with 12 movies being produced before the start of World War two. A biography about Serbian revolutionary Karadjordje. „Life and Work of the Immortal Vožd Karađorđe” was released 1911. and it’s the oldest movie in the Balkans, but the most notable of the prewar movies was Mihailo Popovic’s „The Battle of Kosovo” in 1939.
Cinema prospered after World War II. Most popular were “partisan” movies whose popularity exceeded all frontiers. In China, a Serbian actor Velimir Bata Živojinović is still recognized as Valter from the famous „Valter defends Sarajevo”, partisan movie.
Serbian cinema continued to make progress in the 1990s. Emir Kusturica, most famous Serbian director, won two Golden Palms for Best Feature Film at the Cannes Film Festival, „When Father Was Away on Business’’ in 1985 and then again for „Underground” in 1995. In 1998, Kusturica won a Silver Lion for directing “Black Cat, White Cat”.
Nowadays one of the most popular Serbian films is „Montevideo” which was awarded the „Audience Choice Award for Best Film” in the main competition program at the 33rd Moscow International Film Festival.